By Noah J. Efron
Scholars have struggled for many years to give an explanation for why Jews have succeeded extravagantly in sleek technology. various debatable theories—from such intellects as C. P. Snow, Norbert Wiener, and Nathaniel Weyl—have been promoted. Snow hypothesized an advanced genetic predisposition to clinical good fortune. Wiener advised that the breeding conduct of Jews sustained hereditary traits conducive for studying. Economist and eugenicist Weyl attributed Jewish highbrow eminence to "seventeen centuries of breeding for scholars."
Rejecting the concept that Jews have performed good in technology as a result of uniquely Jewish features, Jewish brains, and Jewish conduct of brain, historian of technology Noah J. Efron techniques the Jewish affinity for technological know-how during the geographic and cultural situations of Jews who have been forced to settle in new worlds within the early 20th century.
Seeking aid from non secular persecution, hundreds of thousands of Jews resettled within the usa, Palestine, and the Soviet Union, with huge concentrations of settlers in big apple, Tel Aviv, and Moscow. technological know-how performed a wide position within the lives and livelihoods of those immigrants: it was once a common strength that transcended the arbitrary previous international orders that had lengthy ensured the exclusion of all yet a number of Jews from the seats of energy, wealth, and public esteem. even though the 3 locations have been a ways aside geographically, the hyperlinks one of the groups have been enduring and lively. This shared experience—of dealing with the long run in new worlds, either actual and conceptual—provided a iteration of Jews with possibilities in contrast to any their mom and dad and grandparents had known.
The tumultuous fresh century of Jewish historical past, which observed either a methodical crusade to blot out Europe's Jews and the inexorable absorption of Western Jews into the societies within which they now dwell, is illuminated via where of honor technology held in Jewish imaginations. technology used to be relevant to their goals of constructing new worlds—welcoming worlds—for a persecuted people.
This provocative paintings will attract historians of technology in addition to students of faith, Jewish experiences, and Zionism.
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A Chosen Calling (Medicine, Science, and Religion in Historical Context) by Noah J. Efron